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Today In The Life: September 21
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1217 Livonian Crusade: The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu and Livonian leader Kaupo are killed in Battle of St. Matthew's Day.
1745 Battle of Prestonpans: A Hanoverian army under the command of Sir John Cope is defeated, in ten minutes, by the Jacobite forces of Prince Charles Edward Stuart
1780 American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold gives the British the plans to West Point.
1792 The National Convention declares France a republic and abolishes the monarchy.
1827 Joseph Smith, Jr. is reportedly visited by the angel Moroni, who gave him a record of gold plates, one-third of which Smith has translated into The Book of Mormon.
1860 In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao.
1896 British force under Horatio Kitchener takes Dongola in the Sudan.
1897 The "Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus" is published in the New York Sun.
1898 Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China.
1921 A storage silo in Oppau, Germany, explodes, killing 500-600 people.
1934 A large typhoon hits western Honshū, Japan, killing 3,036 people.
1937 J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit is published.
1938 The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.
1939 Romanian Prime Minister Armand Calinescu is assassinated by ultranationalist members of the Iron Guard.
1942 On Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, Nazis sent over 1,000 Jews of Pidhaytsi (west Ukraine) to Belzec extermination camp.
1942 On the end of Yom Kippur, the Germans ordered Konstantynσw Jews (Poland) to permanently evacuate Konstantynσw and move to the Ghetto established in Biała Podlaska, meant to assemble Jews from nearby 7 towns among them: Konstantynσw, Janσw Podlaski, Rossosz, Terespol, and 3 more.
1942 In Dunaivtsi, Ukraine, Nazis murder 2,588 Jews.
1942 The B-29 Superfortress makes its maiden flight.
1961 Maiden flight of the CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.
1964 Malta becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
1964 The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world's first Mach 3 bomber, made its maiden flight from Palmdale, California.
1965 Singapore admitted as a part of the United Nations.
1970 New York Times starts first modern op-ed page.
1972 Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos signs Proclamation No. 1081 placing the entire country under martial law.
1976 Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He is a member of the Chilean socialist government of Salvador Allende, overthrown in 1973 by Augusto Pinochet.
1981 Belize is granted full independence from the United Kingdom.
1981 Sandra Day O'Connor is unanimously approved by the U.S. Senate as the first female supreme court justice.
1989 Hurricane Hugo makes landfall in the U.S. state of South Carolina.
1991 Armenia is granted independence from Soviet Union.
1993 Russian President Boris Yeltsin suspends parliament and scraps the then-functioning constitution, thus triggering the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993.
1999 Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead.
2001 Deep Space 1 flies within 2,200 km of Comet Borrelly.
2001 AZF chemical plant explodes in Toulouse, France, killing 31 people
2003 Galileo mission terminated by sending the probe into Jupiter's atmosphere, where it is crushed by the pressure at the lower altitudes.
2004 The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
2004 Construction of the Burj Dubai starts.
2008 Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley, the two last remaining independent investment banks on Wall Street, become bank holding companies as a result of the subprime mortgage crisis.
1051 Bertha of Savoy, German queen and Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1087)
1328 Hongwu Emperor of China (d. 1398)
1411 Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne (d. 1460)
1415 Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1493)
1428 Jingtai Emperor of China (d. 1457)
1452 Girolamo Savonarola, Dominican priest and ruler of Florence (d. 1498)
1559 Cigoli, Florentine painter, architect, and sculptor (d. 1613)
1629 Philip Cardinal Howard, English Catholic cardinal (d. 1694)
1645 Louis Joliet, Canadian explorer (d. 1700)
1706 Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg, queen of Sardinia (d. 1735)
1756 John MacAdam, Scottish engineer and road-builder (d. 1836)
1758 Christopher Gore, 8th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1827)
1760 Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman (d. 1837)
1819 Princess Louise Marie Thιrθse of France (d. 1864)
1840 Murad V, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1904)
1842 Abd-ul-Hamid II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
1849 Maurice Barrymore, Indian-born patriarch of the Barrymore family (d. 1905)
1853 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1926)
1862 James E. Talmage, LDS apostle and author (d. 1933)
1863 John Bunny, American film comedian (d. 1915)
1866 H. G. Wells, English writer (d. 1946)
1866 Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist, received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1936)
1873 Papa Jack Laine, American musician (d. 1966)
1874 Gustav Holst, English composer (d. 1934)
1895 Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (d. 1925)
1896 Walter Breuning, American supercentenarian
1899 Frederick Coutts, the 8th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1986)
1902 Luis Cernuda, Spanish poet (d. 1963)
1902 Sir Allen Lane, British founder of Penguin Books (d. 1970)
1905 Robert Lebel, French Canadian ice hockey executive (d. 1999)
1906 Henry Beachell, American plant breeder (d. 2006)
1909 Kwame Nkrumah, 1st President of Ghana (d. 1972)
1912 Chuck Jones, American animator (d. 2002)
1912 Gyφrgy Sαndor, Hungarian pianist (d. 2005)
1916 Franηoise Giroud, French journalist and politician (d. 2003)
1917 Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (d. 1968)
1918 John Gofman, American Manhattan Project scientist and advocate (d. 2007)
1919 Mario Bunge, Argentine philosopher and physicist
1919 Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani scholar (d. 1988)
1926 Donald A. Glaser, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1926 Noor Jehan, Pakistani singer and actress (d. 2000)
1929 Bernard Williams, English philosopher (d. 2003)
1929 Sαndor Kocsis, Hungarian footballer (d. 1979)
1931 Larry Hagman, American actor
1933 Dick Simon, American racing driver
1934 Leonard Cohen, Canadian singer and songwriter
1935 Jimmy Armfield, English footballer and manager
1935 Henry Gibson, American actor (d. 2009)
1936 Diane Rehm, American radio talk show host for National Public Radio
1936 Yuriy Luzhkov, Russian politician, mayor of Moscow
1936 Dickey Lee, American singer and songwriter
1938 Doug Moe, American basketball player and coach
1940 Bill Kurtis, American television journalist
1940 Hermann Knoflacher, Austrian civil engineer
1941 R. James Woolsey, Jr., Central Intelligence Agency director
1941 Jack Brisco, American professional wrestler
1944 Fannie Flagg, American actress and novelist
1944 Hamilton Jordan, U.S. President Jimmy Carter's original chief of staff (d. 2008)
1944 Steve Beshear, Democratic Governor of Kentucky.
1945 Jerry Bruckheimer, American film and television producer
1945 Richard Childress, NASCAR team owner
1945 Shaw Clifton, the 18th General of The Salvation Army
1946 Moritz Leuenberger, Swiss Federal Councilor
1947 Stephen King, American author
1947 Marsha Norman, American playwright
1947 Don Felder, American guitarist (Eagles)
1949 Artis Gilmore, American basketball player
1950 Charles Clarke, British politician
1950 Bill Murray, American actor
1951 Bruce Arena, American soccer coach
1951 Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen rebel leader (d. 2005)
1952 Anneliese Michel, German exorcism victim (d. 1976)
1953 Arie Luyendyk, Dutch race car driver
1954 Shinzo Abe, Japanese politician
1954 Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor, British musician (Motφrhead)
1955 Mika Kaurismδki, Finnish director
1955 Richard Hieb, American astronaut
1956 Jack Givens, American basketball player
1956 Marta Kauffman, American television producer
1956 Ricky Morton, American professional wrestler
1957 Ethan Coen, American film director
1957 Sidney Moncrief, American basketball player
1957 Kevin Rudd, 26th Prime Minister of Australia
1957 Penny Smith, English television presenter
1958 Bruno Fitoussi, French poker player
1958 Rick Mahorn, American basketball player
1959 Dave Coulier, American actor
1959 Danny Cox, American baseball player
1959 Corinne Drewery, British singer (Swing Out Sister)
1960 David James Elliott, Canadian actor
1961 Nancy Travis, American actress
1962 Rob Morrow, American actor
1963 Curtly Ambrose, Antiguan West Indies cricketer
1963 Cecil Fielder, American baseball player
1963 Angus Macfadyen, Scottish actor
1964 Jorge Drexler, Uruguayan singer and composer
1965 Cheryl Hines, American actress
1965 David Wenham, Australian actor
1965 Johanna Vuoksenmaa, Finnish film director
1967 Faith Hill, American singer
1967 Tyler Stewart, Canadian drummer (Barenaked Ladies)
1967 Glen Benton, American musician (Deicide)
1968 Ricki Lake, American actress and talk show hostess
1969 Jason Christiansen, American baseball player
1970 John Cudia, American actor
1971 John Crawley, English cricketer
1971 Alfonso Ribeiro, American actor
1971 Luke Wilson, American actor
1972 Liam Gallagher, English singer (Oasis)
1972 Scott Spiezio, American baseball player
1972 Jon Kitna, American football player
1972 David Silveria, American drummer (KoЯn)
1973 Oswaldo Sanchez, Mexican footballer
1973 Vanessa Grigoriadis, American journalist
1974 Taral Hicks, American musician
1974 Jana Kandarr, German tennis player
1974 Andy Todd, English footballer
1974 Bryce Drew, American basketball player
1975 Doug Davis, American baseball player
1976 Jonas Bjerre, Danish singer and guitarist (Mew)
1976 Poul Hόbertz, Danish footballer
1977 Brian Tallet, American baseball player
1978 Doug Howlett, New Zealand rugby union footballer
1979 Richard Dunne, Irish footballer
1979 Chris Gayle, Jamaican West Indies cricketer
1979 Julian Gray, English footballer
1979 Jaymee Ong, Chinese-Australian model
1980 Robert Hoffman, American actor
1980 Kareena Kapoor, Indian actress
1980 Nyree Lewis, British Paralympic swimmer
1980 Aleksa Palladino, American actress
1980 Autumn Reeser, American actress
1980 Tomas Scheckter, South African racing driver
1981 Nicole Richie, American socialite
1981 Rimi Sen, Indian actress
1981 Meilinda Soerjoko, Indonesian-Australian actress
1982 Eduardo Azevedo, Brazilian racing driver
1982 Danny Kass, American snowboarder
1982 Marat Izmailov, Russian footballer
1982 Rowan Vine, English footballer
1982 Parvati Shallow, American reality-show contestant
1983 Fernando Cavenaghi, Argentinian footballer
1983 Maggie Grace, American actress
1983 Joseph Mazzello, American actor
1983 Anna Meares, Australian cyclist
1984 Benjamin Wildman-Tobriner, American swimmer
1985 Maryam Hassouni, Dutch actor
1986 Faris Rotter, English vocalist (The Horrors)
1987 Jimmy Clausen, American football player
1987 Ashley Paris, American basketball player
1987 Courtney Paris, American basketball player
1988 Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Pakistani politician
1988 Jason Derulo, American Pop singer and actor
1989 Lyn-Z Adams Hawkins, American skateboarder
1991 Jordan Hasay, American track and field athlete
19 BC Virgil, Roman poet (b. 70 BC)
454 Aλtius, Roman general (b. c.396)
1217 Lembitu of Lehola, Estonian soldier
1327 King Edward II of England (b. 1284)
1397 Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (executed) (b. 1346)
1542 Juan Boscαn Almogαver, Spanish poet
1558 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1500)
1576 Gerolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician (b. 1501)
1586 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, French church leader (b. 1517)
1626 Franηois de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguiθres, Constable of France (b. 1543)
1719 Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer (b. 1647)
1743 Jai Singh II, King of Amber-Juiper (b. 1688)
1748 John Balguy, English philosopher (b. 1686)
1796 Franηois Sιverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (b. 1769)
1798 George Read, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1733)
1832 Sir Walter Scott, Scottish writer (b. 1771)
1860 Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (b. 1788)
1874 Jean-Baptiste Ιlie de Beaumont, French geologist (b. 1794)
1897 Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (b. 1819)
1904 Chief Joseph, Nez Perce leader (b. 1840)
1906 Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1838)
1926 Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (b. 1857)
1938 Ivana Brlic-Mazuranic, Croatian writer (b. 1874)
1939 Armand Călinescu, Romanian prime-minister (assassinated) (b. 1893)
1944 Artur Phleps, German Waffen-SS officer (b. 1881)
1946 Olga Engl, Austrian actress (b. 1871)
1954 Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese inventor (b. 1858)
1957 King Haakon VII of Norway (b. 1872)
1963 Paulino Masip, Spanish playwright (b. 1899)
1966 Paul Reynaud, French politician (b. 1878)
1971 Bernardo Houssay, Argentine physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
1972 Henry de Montherlant, French writer (b. 1896)
1974 Walter Brennan, American actor (b. 1894)
1974 Jacqueline Susann, American novelist (b. 1918)
1976 Orlando Letelier, Chilean diplomat (b. 1932)
1982 Hovhannes Bagramyan, Soviet general (b. 1897)
1985 Gu Long, Taiwanese writer of wuxia novels (b. 1937)
1987 Jaco Pastorius, American bassist (b. 1951)
1988 Glenn Robert Davis, member of United States Congress (b. 1914)
1990 Takis Kanellopoulos, Greek film director and screenwriter (b. 1933)
1995 Rudy Perpich, American politician (b. 1928)
1997 Jennifer Holt, American actress (b. 1920)
1998 Florence Griffith Joyner, American athlete (b. 1959)
2000 Bryan Smith, Man who ran over Stephen King (b. 1957)
2002 Robert L. Forward, American physicist and writer (b. 1932)
2004 Barry Noble Wakeman, American naturalist and educator (b. 1939)
2004 Bob Mason, British actor (b. 1952)
2006 Boz Burrell, English rock musician (b. 1946)
2007 Hallgeir Brenden, Norwegian Olympic gold medalist (b. 1929)
2007 Alice Ghostley, American actress (b. 1926)
2007 Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (b. 1919)
Holidays and Observances
International Day of Peace
Roman Catholic Saints Matthew the Evangelist
The Nativity of the Theotokos in Russia. Also see September 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Independence Day in Malta (1964), Belize (1981) & Armenia (1991)
Mabon Neopagan festival of Mabon
In ancient Greece, the eighth day of the Eleusinian Mysteries, when the secret rites in the Telesterion finish and the feast, Pannychis, begins
Other "Days In The Life"
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